(Last Updated On: July 1, 2016)

Date: October , 1949
Location:  Vallecito, California
Time:  03:30
Summary: Crackling swish of a noise, loud, followed by sparkling band of light. two circular objects floated gently down, like two mushrooms with cracks around edges. Flying discs were observed. Two white dome-shaped objects were observed by two female witnesses at a mountain briefly (Douglas). A swishing sound was heard.
Source: Sullivan, Edward  CSI/LA investigation files

Date: October , 1949
Location:  Ganserndorf, Austria
Time: 04:30
Summary: Nocturnal lights were reported (Radhammer).
Source:  UFO Nachrichten (Veit)

Date: October , 1949
Location: J Palm Island, Queensland, Australia
Time: 13:00
Summary: Featureless 100 feet long shiny metallic cigar, hovers above ocean at 80 feet altitude. Vanishes. A cigar-shaped object was observed. One metallic cigar-shaped object, about 150 feet across, was observed by two witnesses on the ocean for 30 minutes.
Source: Chalker, Bill Oz Files

Date: October , 1949
Location:  Laramie, Wyoming
Time: Around 1600
Summary: One object was observed by numerous witnesses.
Source:  Newspaper 

Date: October 1, 1949;
Location: Jackson, Mississippi
Summary: An unidentified object was tracked by radar and sighted visually (Rush). Rush Case
Source: NICAP

Date: October 1, 1949
Location:  Mount Hope, West Virginia
Time:  17:00
Summary:  One object, about 20 feet across, was observed (Garrett).
Source:  Project Bluebook

Date: October 2, 1949                          BB#473
Location: Holland, Michigan
Summary: Project Blue Book case #473. Very bright disc moving to the west into cloud, then exited from same point, flew rapidly to the east. A flying disc was observed. One bright disc was observed on a farm for two minutes (Cooper).
Source: Project Bluebook

Date: October 2, 1949
Location:  Los Alamos, New Mexico
Time:  21:10
Summary: Time: 2110; Number of Observers: 1; Reliability: good; Area: Los Alamos, New Mexico; Altitude: 20,000 -30,000′; Course: went up and then down; Color: bright green; Train: Yes; Duration: three seconds; Disappearance:
Source: AFOSI 

Date: October 2, 1949
Location:  New York, New York
Time:  21:30
Summary: Science writer with telescope for lunar eclipse saw dark ovoid cross the Moon. Lunar anomaly observed. One dark ovoid object was observed in a city for a few seconds (O’Neill). No sound was heard.
Source:  Newspaper 

Date: October 5, 1949
Location:  Phillipsburg, New Jersey
Summary: An object was observed. Traces found. One object was observed.
Source: Doubt Magazine

Date: October 6 – 11, 1949
Location: J Mescalero, Albuquerque, Wagon Mound, Sandia, Los Alamos & Alamogordo, New Mexico
Summary: Brilliant white object

Date: October , 1949
Location: Roswell, New Mexico 
Time: 11:15 a.m. MST. 
Summary: Time: 1115; Number of Observers: 3; Reliability: unknown; Area: Roswell, New Mexico; Direction: south to northeast; Altitude: 3,500′; Course: smooth arc; Color: white (silver); Train: none; Duration: 45-60 seconds; Sound: none; Shape: round probably elliptical; Speed: faster than jet aircraft; Disappearance: went beyond range of vision
Source:  AFOSI 

Date: Oct. 12, 1949  BB
Location: Holloman AFB, New Mexico
Time: 11:15 a.m. MST. 
Summary: S/Sgt Clifford B. Hart, a flight engineer, and two others, observed a round, white or aluminum colored object moving across the sky from the south to north. It then veered to the northeast where it disappeared. Hart estimated the speed of the object at 1,500 mph at an estimated altitude of 35,000 feet. Hart estimated the size of the object comparable to a B-29 aircraft. The other witnesses were S/Sgt J.D. Denning, and S/Sgt Harry A. Boggs, both are aircraft mechanics. The object was in sight from 45 to 60 seconds. On this same day a similar object was sighted at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona, at 1:40 p.m. MST. 
Source: Dan Wilson, BB files

Date: Oct. 12, 1949              BB
Location: Davis-Monthan AFB, Tucson, Arizona
Time: 1:40 p.m. MST. 
Summary: Four airmen, S/Sgt John A. Bobst, S/Sgt Paul C. Wallingford, T/Sgt Roy Elias, and 1st Lt. David J. Latz observed a white or silver round solid object of apparent metal construction traveling from the northeast to the southwest at a high rate of speed possibly as much as 1,000 mph at an estimated altitude of 25,000 to 30,000 feet overhead. The object had an estimated diameter of approximately 50 to 100 feet. The object was in sight for approximately 15 seconds. The four men were standing in the aircraft parking area for the 65th Bomb squadron.
Source: Dan Wilson, Blue Book files

Date: October 14, 1949
Location: Los Alamos, New Mexico
Time:  14:20
Summary: Time: 1420; Number of Observers: 3; Reliability: good; Area: Los Alamos, New Mexico; Direction: West to east; Altitude: 20,000′; Course: level flight just above horizon; Color: greenish blue -white trail; Train: Yes; Duration: two seconds; Sound: none; Shape: round; Size: appeared a 12″ disc; Disappearance: burned out.
Source: AFOSI

Date: October 14, 1949
Location:  Albuquerque, New Mexico
Time: 20:21
Summary: Time: 2021; Number of Observers: 2; Reliability: good; Area: Albuquerque, New Mexico; Direction: North to south; Course: horizontal; Color: red orange; Train: Yes; Duration: ten seconds; Sound: none; Shape: round; Size: 1/3 – 1/4 size of moon; Disappearance: broke into two pieces and disappeared.
Source: AFOSI 

Date: Oct. 14, 1949                BBU
Location: Mt. Palomar Observatory, Calif
Time: 1:15 and 1:20 p.m. 
Summary: Observatory Manager of Public Relations Harley C. Marshall drove away from Observatory when he saw a perfect “V of V’s” formation of about 16-18 silver [round?] objects without tails or wings overhead traveling at high 1 + 1 EM effects on cosmic ray detector speed to the NW and emitting a sound like jets but not quite the same which noticeably lagged behind visual location of objects in the sky by about 35°-40°. Marshall stopped car and observed objects disappear [behind?] cloud cover that extended from horizon to about 45° elevation. [Marshall returned to Observatory] and phoned Asst. Superintendent-Electrical B. B. Traxler on duty who at about 1:20 p.m. saw one dark unidentified object traveling to the SW while checking the cosmic-ray Geiger counter recording equipment and saw that the needle had jumped off scale for several secs. For the next 10 days another 21 incidents of off-scale cosmic-ray detector incidents occurred at scattered times fitting a periodic 1.5-hour time schedule, a phenomenon not seen before or after, and unexplainable by equipment failure or radio interference from aircraft. Several Navy aircraft of differing prop and jet types were flown near Palomar Observatory using radio, altimeter and radars on Oct. 21 and Nov. 2 in an unsuccessful effort to trigger the Geiger counter. 

The witness on the Blue Book project card is identified as “Focke,” which is not correct. Focke was neither a UFO witness nor a UFO reporter. He was Dr. Albert B. Focke, a scientist working on the cosmic ray detection experiment which was located at Mt. Palomar. Dr. Focke was chief scientist of the Naval Electronics Laboratory in San Diego (I don’t know if he was such in 1949), and he was later chief scientist at Point Magu Naval Missile Test Center. I know Dr. Focke’s son, who unfortunately does not know anything about the Mt. Palomar events.

Astronomers incident.In the fall of 1949, at some unspecified place in the United States, a group of scientists had set up equipment to measure background radiation, the small amount of harmless radiation that is always present in our atmosphere. This natural radiation varies to a certain degree, but will never increase by any appreciable amount unless there is a good reason. According to the rumor, two of the scientists at the unnamed place were watching the equipment one day when, for no apparent reason, a sudden increase of radiation was indicated. The radiation remained high for a few seconds, then dropped back to normal. The increase over normal was not sufficient to be dangerous, but it definitely was unusual. All indications pointed to equipment malfunction as the most probable explanation. A quick check revealed no obvious trouble with the gear, and the two scientists were about to start a more detailed check when a third member of the radiation crew came rushing into the lab. Before they could tell the newcomer about the unexplained radiation they had just picked up, he blurted out a story of his own. He had driven to a nearby town, and on his return trip, as he approached the research lab, something in the sky suddenly caught his eye. High in the cloudless blue he saw three silvery objects moving in a V formation. They appeared to be spherical in shape, but he wasn’t sure. The first fact that had hit him was that the objects were traveling too fast to be conventional aircraft. He jammed on the brakes, stopped his car, and shut off the engine. No sound. All he could hear was the quiet whir of a generator in the research lab. In a few seconds the objects had disappeared from sight. After the first two scientists had briefed their excited colleague on the unusual radiation they had detected, the three men asked each other the $64 question: Was there any connection between the two incidents? Had the UFO’s caused the excessive radiation?

They checked the time. Knowing almost exactly when the instruments had registered the increased radiation, they checked on how long it took to drive to the lab from the point where the three silver objects had been seen. The times correlated within a minute or two. The three men proceeded to check their radiation equipment thoroughly. Nothing was wrong. The rumor stopped here. Nothing that I or anyone else on Project Blue Book could find out shed any further light on the source of the story. People associated with projects similar to the research lab that was mentioned in the rumor were sought out and questioned. Many of them had heard the story, but no one could add any new details. The three unknown scientists, at the unnamed lab, in an unknown part of the United States, might as well never have existed. Maybe they hadn’t. Almost a year after I had first heard the UFO-radiation story I got a long-distance call from a friend on the west coast. I had seen him several months before, at which time I told him about this curious rumor and expressed my wish to find out how authentic it was. Now, on the phone, he told me he had just been in contact with two people he knew and they had the whole story. He said they would be in Los Angeles the following night and would like very much to talk to me. I hated to fly clear to the west coast on what might be a wild-goose chase, but I did. I couldn’t afford to run the risk of losing an opportunity to turn that old recurrent rumor into fact. Twenty hours later I met the two people at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. We talked for several hours that night, and I got the details on the rumor and a lot more that I hadn’t bargained for. Both of my informants were physicists working for the Atomic Energy Commission, and were recognized in their fields. They wanted no publicity and I promised them that they would get none. One of the men knew all the details behind the rumor, and did most of the talking. To keep my promise of no publicity, I’ll call him the “scientist.”

The rumor version of the UFO-radiation story that had been kicking around in Air Force and scientific circles for so long had been correct in detail but it was by no means complete. The scientist said that after the initial sighting had taken place word was spread at the research lab that the next time the instruments registered abnormal amounts of radiation, some of the personnel were to go outside immediately and look for some object in the sky. About three weeks after the first incident a repetition did occur. While excessive radiation was registering on the instruments in the lab, a lone dark object was seen streaking across the sky. Again the instruments were checked but, as before, no malfunction was found. After this second sighting, according to the scientist, an investigation was started at the laboratory. The people who made the visual observations weren’t sure that the object they had seen couldn’t have been an airplane. Someone thought that perhaps some type of radar equipment in the airplane, if that’s what the object was, might have affected the radiation-detection equipment. So arrangements were made to fly all types of aircraft over the area with their radar in operation. Nothing unusual happened. All possible types of airborne research equipment were traced during similar flights in the hope that some special equipment not normally carried in aircraft would be found to have caused the jump in radiation. But nothing out of the ordinary occurred during these tests either. It was tentatively concluded, the scientist continued, that the abnormally high radiation readings were “officially” due to some freakish equipment malfunction and that the objects sighted visually were birds or airplanes. A report to this effect was made to military authorities, but since the conclusion stated that no flying saucers were involved, the report went into some unknown file. Project Blue Book never got it.

Shortly after the second UFO-radiation episode the research group finished its work. It was at this time that the scientist had first become aware of the incidents he related to me. A friend of his, one of the men involved in the sightings, had sent the details in a letter. As the story of the sightings spread it was widely discussed in scientific circles, with the result that the conclusion, an equipment malfunction, began to be more seriously questioned. Among the scientists who felt that further investigation of such phenomena was in order, were the man to whom I was talking and some of the people who had made the original sightings. About a year later the scientist and these original investigators were working together. They decided to make a few more tests, on their own time, but with radiation-detection equipment so designed that the possibility of malfunction would be almost nil. They formed a group of people who were interested in the project, and on evenings and weekends assembled and set up their equipment in an abandoned building on a small mountain peak. To insure privacy and to avoid arousing undue interest among people not in on the project, the scientist and his colleagues told everyone that they had formed a mineral club. The “mineral club” deception covered their weekend expeditions because “rock hounds” are notorious for their addiction to scrambling around on mountains in search for specimens.

The equipment that the group had installed in the abandoned building was designed to be self-operating. Geiger tubes were arranged in a pattern so that some idea as to the direction of the radiation source could be obtained. During the original sightings the equipment- malfunction factor could not be definitely established or refuted because certain critical data had not been measured. To get data on visual sightings, the “mineral club” had to rely on the flying saucer grapevine, which exists at every major scientific laboratory in the country. By late summer of 1950 they were in business. For the next three months the scientist and his group kept their radiation equipment operating twenty-four hours a day, but the tapes showed nothing except the usual background activity. The saucer grapevine reported sightings in the general area of the tests, but none close to the instrumented mountaintop. The trip to the instrument shack, which had to be made every two days to change tapes, began to get tiresome for the “rock hounds,” and there was some talk of discontinuing the watch. But persistence paid off. Early in December, about ten o’clock in the morning, the grapevine reported sightings of a silvery, circular- shaped object near the instrument shack. The UFO was seen by several people.

When the “rock hounds” checked the recording tapes in the shack they found that several of the Geiger tubes had been triggered at 10:17A.M. The registered radiation increase was about 100 times greater than the normal background activity. Three more times during the next two months the “mineral club’s” equipment recorded abnormal radiation on occasions when the grapevine reported visual sightings of UFO’s. One of the visual sightings was substantiated by radar. After these incidents the “mineral club” kept its instruments in operation until June 1951, but nothing more was recorded. And, curiously enough, during this period while the radiation level remained normal, the visual sightings in the area dropped off too. The “mineral club” decided to concentrate on determining the significance of the data they had obtained. Accordingly, the scientist and the group made a detailed study of their mountaintop findings. They had friends working on many research projects throughout the United States and managed to visit and confer with them while on business trips. They investigated the possibility of unusual sunspot activity, but sunspots had been normal during the brief periods of high radiation. To clinch the elimination of sunspots as a cause, their record tapes showed no burst of radiation when sunspot activity had been abnormal. The “rock hounds” checked every possible research project that might have produced some stray radiation for their instruments to pick up. They found nothing. They checked and rechecked their instruments, but could find no factor that might have induced false readings. They let other scientists in on their findings, hoping that these outsiders might be able to put their fingers on errors that had been overlooked. Now, more than a year after the occurrence of the mysterious incidents that they had recorded, a year spent in analyzing their data, the “rock hounds” had no answer. By the best scientific tests that they had been able to apply, the visual sightings and the high radiation had taken place more or less simultaneously.
Source: Jan Aldrich; McDonald list

Date: October 16, 1949
Location: Tres Boletos, Mexico
Time: Afternoon
Summary: One object was observed by a male witness.
Source:  Newspaper 

Date: Oct. 17, 1949. 
Location: Mt. Palomar Observatory, Calif. 
Time: 7:20 a.m. 
Summary: Observatory Asst. Superintendent-Electrical B. B. Traxler saw a small black object without apparent projections moving at high speed to the SW at the same time the cosmic-ray Geiger counter went off-scale again (see incidents of Oct. 14 and 21, 1949). 
Source: Sparks

Date: October 18, 1949
Location: Offutt AFB, Nebraska
Time:  17:45
Summary: One object was observed by two military witnesses near a missile for a few seconds (Callessen; Lincoln; Sparks).
Source: Project Bluebook

Date: Oct. 21, 1949              BBU
Location: Mt. Palomar Observatory and Palomar Gardens, Calif.
Time: 2:30 p.m.
Summary:  Observatory Asst. Superintendent-Electrical B. B. Traxler saw an elongated slightly curved or banana shaped object traveling to the E or SE for about 3 secs. Independently and without knowledge of Traxler’s sighting, George Adamski of Palomar Gardens saw the dark cigar-shaped object.              3+ secs
Source: Jan Aldrich; McDonald list

Date: October 21, 1949
Location: Buffalo, New York
Time: Night
Summary: One object was observed by one witness briefly (Bell).
Source:  Bloecher, Ted R. 

Date: October , 1949
Location: Los Alamos, New Mexico
Time: 02:20 & 02:28
Summary: Time: 220; Number of Observers: 1; Reliability: good; Area: Los Alamos, New Mexico; Direction: vertical; Altitude: 50 -100 feet; Color: green; Duration: one seconds; Sound: none; Shape: like flare; Size: small; Disappearance: went out. Time: 228; Number of Observers: 1; Reliability: good; Area: Los Alamos, New Mexico; Direction: northwest to SE; Altitude: on horizon; Color: bright green; Duration: two seconds; Sound: none; Size: four times size of a flare; Speed: 150 mph; Disappearance: disappeared behind a hill.
Source: AFOSI 

Date: October 23, 1949
Location:  Norwood, Ohio
Time:  19:15
Summary: An object was observed and videotaped. Animal reactions to the object were reported. One disc, of huge size, was observed by more than four male witnesses in a city for 210 minutes (Berger; Davidson; Koch; Miller; Winkler). Bw motion picture film large disc hovering in searchlight beam, emitted triangular shaped objects
Source:  Project Bluebook

Date: October 28, 1949
Location: Montecarotto, Marken, Italy
Time: After 0600
Summary: An object was observed. Gravity effects were noted. Multiple independent witnesses. One object, about 20 feet across, was observed by more than two male witnesses in a forest (Carotti). At six o’clock in the morning several independent observers in Montecarotto, Italy watched an eight meter long cigar-shaped object as it flew 100 meters overhead towards the north-northeast. Tree branches thrashed about as it passed by.
Source: FSR

Date: October 31, 1949
Location: Los Angeles, California
Time:  00:15
Summary: Weird comet-like aircraft reported by pilot. One comet-like was observed by three witnesses at an airfield (Hanley).
Source: Project Bluebook

Date: October 1949

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